Some eye care professionals treat visual impairment associated with diseases other than eye disease. For example, the American Optometric Association or AAA provides eye care professional’s training in treating such ailments as eye fatigue, xerophthalmia, and strabismus. Such doctors are known as optometric physicians. These doctors are usually board certified and practice independently. They can treat such ailments as crossed eyes, lazy eyes, conjunctivitis, dry eyes, eye discharge, itching or pain, eye allergies, eye sensitivity, migraines, eye strain, tears, sunglasses, and macular degeneration.
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These days, there are eye-care professionals other than an ophthalmologist. They include optometrist, visual care specialists, cornea and retina specialists, dental practitioners, podiatrists and eye surgeons. An optometrist can treat eye disorders like myopia (myopia), hypermetropia or astigmatism, and myopia or hypermetropia caused by eye disease or congenital eye defects. He or she can prescribe glasses and contact lenses to treat low vision but cannot do any surgery.
Oculist is an archaic term which was mainly used to define ophthalmic specialists and doctors who are trained and specialist in the eye care discipline, specifically optometrists and ophthalmologist. However, the term has now been dropped completely in the United States, except for practitioners in eye care clinics. Optometrist is generally a doctor who specializes in the field of vision. He or she treats eye problems like sight defects, astigmatism, presbyopia, hyperopia or hypermetropia and cataract. A professional optometrist is referred to as an ophthalmologist.